The bus transport system known as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) provides towns and cities with fast, convenient and cost-effective mobility. The most visible element of a BRT system are the separate bus lanes which ensure congestion-free operation with short intervals between buses. The independence of the vehicles from other traffic events not only ensures high travel speeds, but also a high degree of reliability. Mercedes-Benz is globally committed to the expansion of BRT systems.
Since 2008, more than half of the world's population has been living in urban areas. The UNO expects that this share will reach around 70 percent in 2050 – with a growing world population. People's mobility requirements are increasing – also in the booming metropolitan regions. This challenge can no longer be solved by private transport. One way out of the traffic collapse is called BRT. These three letters stand for Bus Rapid Transit, meaning: a fast bus transport system.
The advantage of BRT systems: They can be quickly established and are cost-effective and flexible. The traffic volume is diminished, exhaust and noise emissions are reduced, the traveling speed is increased and the overall quality of life is improved as a result.
Past the jams on your own route
The typical features of a BRT system are independent marked out routes with separate and barrier-free stops, the system's own traffic light set-up and special ticket systems. Depending on passenger volumes, individual elements of BRT systems can be designed with different dimensions. In South America, BRT systems have taken over the role of metro systems and have been greatly expanded as a result. European solutions resemble a streetcar system to some extent in terms of their dimensions.
BRT systems can be found on all continents
BRT routes exist on all continents today , with new ones being continually planned and set up. One classical BRT region is considered to be South America, where the rapidly growing metropolises are being developed with rapid bus systems. In the last few years, the Olympic City of Rio de Janeiro has developed a BRT system consisting of three corridors with a total length of 150 kilometers. On the section which was the first to be opened, the "TransOeste”, 90 articulated buses made by Mercedes-Benz are operated, each of which has four axles and is 23 meters long.
Another fascinating route is the Metrobüs line 34 in Istanbul. It is served by buses traveling at extremely short intervals on the left of the main traffic. The spectacular figures: 52 kilometers in length, 750,000 passengers every day. The backbone of this transport system consists of 250 Mercedes-Benz CapaCity high-capacity articulated buses and 250 Mercedes-Benz Citaro and Conecto articulated buses.
In Central Europe, BRT lines are used more or less selectively, for example in Nantes, Nancy and Strasbourg as feeder routes from the suburbs, or in the Spanish city of Granada for traffic calming in the city center. In the Netherlands, route 300 connects the city of Haarlem (155,000 inhabitants) with nearby Schiphol Airport and with the metropolis of Amsterdam.
BRT routes are suitable for the developement for automated driving
Always the same route on a separate section of road, the clearly defined timetable, the unambiguous and identical actions at every stop: BRT routes are predestined for the developement for automated driving. For this reason, Daimler Buses also sent its Mercedes-Benz Future Bus with CityPilot on its maiden voyage on a partial section of Europe’s longest BRT route in Amsterdam. The bus coped masterfully with the almost 20 kilometer-long route thanks to the technology of the CityPilot.
Daimler Buses is one of the pioneers
With the introduction of a BRT system in the Australian city of Adelaide around 30 years ago, Daimler Buses was one of the pioneers of such systems. Today there are around 185 BRT systems worldwide with a fleet of approximately 40,000 buses. They alone transport more than 30 million passengers every day. The commitment of Daimler Buses goes beyond the range of suitable articulated buses: An international team of experts provides advice all over the world to transport companies on the introduction and further development of BRT systems.